Term of Reference Gender Analysis Rwanda at SOS Children’s village Rwanda: (Deadline 9 April 2021)

Term of Reference Gender Analysis Rwanda at SOS Children’s village Rwanda: (Deadline 9 April 2021)


Term of Reference Gender Analysis Rwanda at SOS Children’s village Rwanda: (Deadline 9 April 2021)

About SOS Children’s Villages

SOS Children’s Villages is the global federation of 118 national SOS Children’s Villages associations, which work in 135 countries around the world. The associations work together with a single vision: each child belongs to a family and grows up with love, respect and security. SOS Children’s Villages provides long-term, family-style care to children who have lost their parents (alternative care service), and works with vulnerable families and communities to help them strengthen and strengthen themselves, to prevent the abandonment of children (family strengthening service).

SOS Children’s Villages Belgium supports the national association SOS Children’s Villages Rwanda in the development of a five-year program 2022-2026 (supported by the DGD, Belgian development cooperation) on Early Childhood Development.

SOS Children’s Villages adopted in 2014 a Gender Equality Policy [1]For the development of the DGD program, it is recommended to better integrate gender issues.

2.OBJECTIVE OF GENDER ANALYSIS

2.1. Main objective

SOS Children’s Villages Belgium and SOS Children’s Villages Rwanda want to conduct a thorough gender analysis to identify gender gaps as well as study the differences in conditions, needs, constraints, opportunities, participation rates, access to resources and development, control over assets, decision-making power, etc., between women and men, of its proposed DGD program implemented in the Gasabo, Gicumbi, Kayonza and Nyamagabe Districts.

The objectives are the following:

  • Improve the quality of the DGD program on gender equality in order to adapt the proposed program and identify areas of improvement for future interventions;
  • Estimating the impact of the future program on the differences in conditions, needs, participation rates, access to resources and development, control of assets, decision-making power, etc., between women and men;
  • Identifying gender/sex-specific challenges in the program implementation and identify gender gaps, particularly in terms of livelihood needs, constraints, opportunities, access to micro-credits and savings groups, access to business development services, enterprise development, language and other relevant training, access to health services, including family planning and parenting trainings and check the feasibility, relevance and adequacy of the existing program strategy in addressing these gaps;
  • Identifying actions to improve gender relations in the context of the program and provide operational recommendations for sharpening/shaping the gender dimension of the DGD programme.

Analytical framework

Different gender analysis frameworks have been developed and they all ask questions about the differences between men and women in a given population. These questions generally relate to the following aspects [2]:

Roles and activities: Who (women, men, girls, boys) does what (productive or reproductive activities, paid or not)? How long does it take? Where?

Resources and constraints: What resources do men and women have to work with? Who uses, owns and controls each of these resources? Who is excluded from use / ownership / control? What decisions do men and women make in the household? in the community?

Benefits and Incentives: Who controls productive and reproductive activity? Who benefits from economic activity? Who receives income? Who controls the income? What about non-income benefits? Do men and women have incentives to participate in these activities?

Practical and Strategic Needs: Practical needs are the needs that women identify in their socially accepted roles in society. The practical needs do not call into question the role of women and men, although they arise from the gender division of labor and the position of subordination in society. They are a response to the immediate perception of need, identified in a specific context. They are practical in nature and often-inadequate living conditions, such as water supply, nutrition, health care and employment. Strategic gender needs, on the contrary, are the needs women identify because of their subordinate position in society. They vary according to particular contexts, relating to the gender division of labor, power and control, and may include issues such as legal rights, domestic violence, equal pay, and control over women on their body. Responding to strategic needs helps women achieve greater equality and shift existing roles, which challenge unequal gender relations in society

. Level of analysis required

A gender analysis traditionally takes into account different levels of analysis (Macro, Meso and Micro) [3] .

For the development of the DGD program, SOS Children’s Villages Belgium and SOS Children’s Villages Rwanda wish to focus primarily on the micro level and, to a lesser extent, on the macro level (this level will further be addressed during the gender audit during program implementation), the most important elements should be mentioned.

Micro level

At the micro level, the focus shall be given to the beneficiaries of the program (children and families), highlight Gender situation in the Program or measure for integration of Gender dimensions in the program. The analysis identifies their specific needs and priorities based on gender and context. It examines the extent to which gender roles, relationships and cultural issues are crucial for the sustainability of a project’s results.

The key questions are the following:

  • What is the division of labor between women and men, young and old? Who usually does what? Y has there been changes related to conflict, to labor migration, the HIV / AIDS, etc?
  • Are there inequalities in access to and control over different resources, including new resources and benefits from development institutions or projects (or from any intervention outside government)? Resources also include intangible resources such as time, knowledge, information and rights. Are time use studies available?
  • What factors influence access to and control over resources (age, gender, position in an organization, ethnic status, wealth, rural or urban location, educational level, networks and sponsorship)?
  • At the community level, how are decisions about different resources and activities made? At the household level, who makes decisions about different resources and activities?

Macro level

The macro level relates to national policies governing activities in the country, including laws and regulations (for example, in the education sector). The analysis focuses on how national policies influence activities at the level of an institution, organization or in the field. International influences on national laws and policies should also be analyzed.

The key questions are:

  • Has the government made any commitments to gender equality in international processes such as the Beijing process, the Sustainable Development Goals or the ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms? Discrimination against women (CEDAW) or the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)?
  • Do national and sectoral policies reflect these commitments by recognizing gender inequalities at different levels and including means to address them?
  • How do the policies, laws and regulations in force in a given sector have a different impact on women and men, girls and boys?
  • How are decisions taken at the level of national institutions (parliament, ministries, universities, companies)? How are women represented in the system?

Sectors concerned

In general, are programs SOS have the main area of intervention the field of protection of child rights, through support for optimization of systems in cases of abuse, and child protection committees, as well as the promotion of children’s rights, in particular through the Children’s Rights Clubs and community awareness sessions.

The overall objective of the DGD program of SOS RW is to strengthen community-based structures for improved access to early childhood development (ECD) services for children aged 0-6 years. The specific objectives and related results are:

  • Improve children access to early childhood development core services including education, WASH, nutrition , health and child protection for 4,000 vulnerable children aged below 6 years:
    • 2,000 children below 6 years old are identified and receive integrated ECD services (education, WASH, nutrition, health and child protection) through home-based and community-based ECD centres
  • 40 Home-based & community-based centres have improved facilities and adequate equipment to advance the delivery of services.
  • Strengthen the capacity of ECD community structures including 2,000 direct child protection duty bearers, 200 local authorities, 800 ECD community professionals (500 ECD caregivers & 300 IZUs):
    • 2,000 direct child protection duty bearers have essential life skills and basic financial literacy to promote quality care of children aged below 6 years
  • Community structures understand ECD standards and provide adequate support to home-based & community-based ECD centres
  • Non-state stakeholders advocate & increase awareness about the needs of children in ECD centres.

Target group concerned

The target group is the following:

Direct Target Group:

  • 4000 children at risk of losing parental care aged below 6 years
  • 2000 direct child protection duty bearers (biological parents of children aged below 6 years)
  • 200 local authorities (Sector Executive Officers, in charge of Social Affairs, Education Officers, etc)
  • 800 ECD community professionals (500 ECD caregivers & 300 IZUs)

Indirect Target Groups

  • 200 local authorities (Sector Executive Officers, in charge of Social Affairs, Education Officers, etc)
  • 800 ECD community professionals (500 ECD caregivers & 300 IZUs)
  • 12000 community members reached through community awareness campaigns.

 

3.METHODOLOGY

  1. Understanding of the objectives of the study
  2. Desk review of existing analyzes performed by other donors, multilateral agencies, civil society, governments, universities, etc., including analyzes of the macro level and intervention sectors concerned;
  3. Quantitative Methods: sample size, sampling techniques, tools for data collection, tools for data analysis, data analysis process
  4. Qualitative Methods: sampling techniques, data collection tools, interview approach (e.g Focus Groups Discussion, Key Informant Interviews), tools for data analysis
  5. Ethical consideration
  6. Clear and detailed work plan to complete the whole work for 20 calendar days

The Technical Proposal should clarify how the consultant intends to perform the following:

The consultant is expected to propose a methodology to contextualize the macro and micro levels of analysis to the type of program (Early Childhood Development) to draw concrete lessons for the development of the DGD program.

 

4.DELIVERABLES

  1. An inception report, detailing the methodology, work plan and work schedule based on the program idea (concept note) that will be shared once the contract is signed;
  2. A draft final report (preliminary version) and a final report containing the results and conclusions of the gender analysis;
  3. A presentation for the dissemination of the process and results of the gender analysis during an online workshop with the team of SOS Children’s Villages Rwanda and SOS Children’s Villages Belgium.
  4. The Dataset of quantitative & qualitative data used for analysis

The consultant should produce the following:

  • An inception report, detailing the methodology, work plan and work schedule based on the program idea (concept note) that will be shared once the contract is signed;
  • A draft final report (preliminary version) and a final report containing the results and conclusions of the gender analysis;
  • A presentation for the dissemination of the process and results of the gender analysis during an online workshop with the team of SOS Children’s Villages Rwanda and SOS Children’s Villages Belgium.
  • The Dataset of quantitative & qualitative data used for analysis
  • CALENDAR
  • 6.QUALIFICATION S AND EXPERTISE NEEDED

The consultant will have experience in the realization of gender analyses in organizations, especially for s international NGOs or other institutions involved in development activities.

The consultant should have the following skills and qualifications:

üAt least a Holder of Master’s Degree in social sciences, education, gender studies, development studies, childcare related degree, demography or a Master’s degree in research focused subject e.g. Master’s in Public Health;

At least five years of practical experience conducting research or needs assessments in gender, child protection, education, health or demography

üStrong facilitation skills and practical experience of working in a participatory manner with staff and in particular with children and young people;

üGood report writing skills are essential;

üAbility to analyze quantitative and qualitative data and present the findings including quantitative data disaggregated by sex and qualitative data accompanied with concrete recommendations;

üKnowledge of the local context of Rwanda;

üExcellent command of English and Kinyarwanda

7.PROCEDURE FOR SUBMITTING AN OFFER

Offers shall be submitted to [email protected] by 9th April 2021 with the subject “Rwanda Gender Analysis Consultancy”

The offer must include:

  • A Technical Proposal (see in Annex I all required documents to be included);
  • A financial proposal;
  • The CVs of Lead Consultant and Team Members
  • Four certificates of successful completion of similar assessment or research done
  • At least two traceable professional referees that can certify the skills of the consultant.
  • Proof of payment of tender submission non refundable fees equivalent to (30,000 Rwf) Thirty thousand Rwandan Francs payable on SOS Children’s Villages Rwanda account number:400418314910177 entitled SOS-CV RWANDA TRUST opened in BPR
  • 8,APPENDICES
  • Technical Proposal Outline
  • Introduction: description of the company / consultant, qualifications, legal compliance (1-3 pages)
  • Context: understanding of the project, the context and the requirements of consultancy (2-6 pages)
  • Proposed methodology: indication of the proposed methodology, detail of the groups of respondents targeted, details of the questions proposed (specify in relation to the key questions of the two levels of analysis), detail of the sampling procedure if applicable (5 – 8 pages)
  • Detailed work plan: 20 days in total (including inception meeting, data collection & reporting)
  • Experience of the consultant in carrying out missions of a similar nature and experience of the geographical area for other important clients (name of the organization, name of the mission, dates of the mission, contacts of the reference person) – 2-7 pages
  • Examples of reports submitted in previous works (at least 2 report should be attached)
  • Four certificates of successful completion of similar assessment or research done
  • Copy of certified degree of each Consultant team members
  • The composition of Consultant team members – 1-2 pages
  • Legal requirements (including RGB Registration, certificate of incorporation, Rwanda Revenue Authority Tax compliance)

Annex II: Report Outline

The submitted Report should include the following:

  • Introduction: reminder of the context of gender analysis, objectives and methodology
  • National socio-political context (macro analysis)
  • In- depth analysis of the sector (s) of intervention and of the target group (micro analysis)
  • Key Findings about Quantitative (quantitative segregated data by sex and qualitative data)
  • Conclusions and recommendations for the current program and for future interventions. Recommendations should focus on the key themes identified and should contain relevant proposals at sector level. Proposals on the role of the different stakeholders and the target group (families, children, communities, civil society); their potential and capacities should also be presented. Proposals with a timetable will assist in the design of the project / program
  • Annexes (relevant documents e.g national laws and regulations, etc.)

 

[1] SOS Children’s Villages International, Gender Equality Policy, October 2014:

https://www.sos-kinderdorpen.be/files/gender-policy-en-5d78cb26d312e.pdf

The Gender Equality Policy is based on five principles:

1) Protection of girls, boys, women and men against sexual violence;

2) Equal access to education for girls and boys;

3) Sexual, reproductive and maternal health;

4) Financial empowerment of women and girls;

5) Overcome gender inequalities within SOS Children’s Villages

[2] ILO / SEAPAT, 2000, excerpt from Building Block 6 – Useful gender analysis frameworks: http://eugender.itcilo.org/toolkit/online/story_content/external_files/BB6.pdf

[3] Source: European Commission, 2009, Toolkit for integrating the gender dimension into EU development cooperation. DG Europe Aid, p. 85,

http://eugender.itcilo.org/toolkit/online/story_content/external_files/BB6.pdf

ITC / ILO (2009), training module: Introduction to Gender Analysis and Gender-sensitive Indicators, p. 7-9.

Done, at Kigali on 23 rd March 2021

Jean Bosco KWIZERA

National Director




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